The title of this post is beatufill: 7 words, 3 acronyms equally distributed composed of 3,4 and 3 letters.
But that’s not the topic….instead, today, we will learn how to setup a VPN tunnel using SSH when you are behind proxy.
You will need:
– a first tool: sshuttle
– an SSH client able to receive and process the ProxyCommand directive
– a remote SSH server running on port 443 or 80
– another tool: corkscrew
– a proxy server only allowing HTTP(S) traffic
Let’s describe each in reverse order
You should not have too much control on it, but if the proxy server requires authentication you should get your pair of credentials. Also, if using corkscrew like here, the proxy must supports CONNECT command, otherwise, you should use httptunnel instead.
corkscrew is a simple tool to tunnel TCP connections through an HTTP proxy supporting the CONNECT method. It reads stdin and writes to std- out during the connection, just like nectat.
We will use it to connect to an SSH server running on a remote 443 port through the HTTPS proxy. To do so, we will need to set corkscrew as the ProxyCommand for our SSH client. If your proxy requires authentication, you have to set the credentials in a separate file, lets say ~/.ssh/corkscrew-authfile with the patten username:password
A raspberry Pi hidden at home or even an AWS Free Tier machine should be sufficient. The required configuration parameter needs the following:
# What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for Port 22 Port 443 # Authentication: RSAAuthentication yes PubkeyAuthentication yes AuthorizedKeysFile %h/.ssh/authorized_keys
The SSH client configuration will be setup in your .ssh/config file, so you don’t need to type it every time you want to use your tunnel.
Host my-remote-ssh-server.mydomain.com ProxyCommand corkscrew http-nasty-proxy.mycompany.com 8080 my-remote-ssh-server.mydomain.com 443 /Users/Akram/.ssh/corkscrew-authfile
Then, every time you will do:
You will be automagically connected to your SSH box, because the SSH client will delegate its connexion management to corkscrew that will connect to http-nasty-proxy.mycompany.com on port 8080 using the credentials in file /Users/Akram/.ssh/corkscrew-authfile and then convert the SSH commands into HTTP+CONNECT request going to my-remote-ssh-server.mydomain.com on port 443.
That was the most difficult part. Once you are connected to your SSH box, the world is then open to you!
sshuttle is the ultimate tool that we will use: It is a transparent VPN proxy through SSH. sshuttle documentation describes briefly the way it works and gives many example of usages. The one that I uses if simply this command line:
sshuttle --dns -r email@example.com 0/0
Juste not here that my-remote-ssh-server.mydomain.com is the address of the server for which you have setup ProxyCommand configuration. Since sshuttle will use SSH under the cover, you have made the sufficient work to make the connection work (even through HTTPS Proxy).
In my case, I added the –dns option to also allow DNS traffic to go through my tunnel because corporate DNS traffic is blocked.
If the connection succeeds, you will see a message “client connected”.
Et voilà….all your connections will go through sshuttle to reach the internet